Paul Goodman [1911 – 1972] was an American psychotherapist, novelist, poet and literary critic, but realistically he was better known as a social critic and anarchist philosopher.
Source: brainpickings Paul Goodman on the Nine Kinds of Silence
Nine Kinds of Silence
Not speaking and speaking are both human ways of being in the world, and there are kinds and grades of each. There is the dumb silence of slumber or apathy; the sober silence that goes with a solemn animal face; the fertile silence of awareness, pasturing the soul, whence emerge new thoughts; the alive silence of alert perception, ready to say, “This… this…”; the musical silence that accompanies absorbed activity; the silence of listening to another speak, catching the drift and helping him be clear; the noisy silence of resentment and self-recrimination, loud and subvocal speech but sullen to say it; baffled silence; the silence of peaceful accord with other persons or communion with the cosmos.